Approx. Rs 425 / Kilogram
antimony is used in the electronics industry to make some semiconductor devices, such as infrared detectors and diodes.
it is alloyed with lead or other metals to improve their hardness and strength. A lead-antimony alloy is used in batteries. Other uses of antimony alloys include type metal (in printing presses), bullets and cable sheathing.
antimony compounds are used to make flame-retardant materials, paints, enamels, glass and pottery.
Approx. Rs 44,000 / Kilogram
Approx. Rs 1,650 / Kilogram
many everyday items that we associate with tin, such as "tin cans" and "tinfoil", are actually misnomers. Tin cans are, in fact, made from a compound referred to as tinplate, which is steel sheet metal that has been coated with a thin layer of tin.
tinplate efficiently combines the strength of steel with tin's luster, corrosion resistance, and low toxicity. Ninety percent of tinplate is used to make (tin) cans for food and drinks, cosmetics, fuel, oil, paints and other chemicals. Although tin only makes up a small coating on tinplate, the industry is the largest consumer of tin worldwide.
tinfoil, on the other hand, may have been made from tin for a brief period during the 20th century, but today is exclusively made from aluminum.
the use of tin alloys can be dated back many centuries. Bronze artifacts (bronze is an alloy of copper and tin), including hatchets, mirrors and sickles, have been discovered in locations from present-day egypt to china. Tin was also alloyed with lead for hundred of years in order to make pewter kettles, pots, cups and plates. Cognizant of the negative health effects of lead, pewter today is made from alloying tin, antimony and cobalt.
tin's more modern application is as a solder for the electronics industry. Used in various purities and alloys (often with lead or indium), tin solders have a low melting point, which makes them suitable for bonding materials.tin alloys can also be found in a wide variety of other applications, including babbitt bearings (often alloyed with copper, lead or antimony), automobile parts (alloyed with iron), dental amalgams (alloyed with silver) and aerospace metals (alloyed with aluminum and titanium). Alloys of zirconium (often referred to as zircaloys), used in nuclear reactors, also often contain a small amount of tin.
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